The rapid developments in modern society have led to environmental pollution, unhealthy eating habits, stress, fatigue, and a less nutritious westernized diet that causes decreased immunity. And with the advances in medicine and changes in socioeconomic culture, the birth rate has decreased while the expectant age of living increased, creating an older society. Aging-related diseases are subsequently on the rise.
With technological advancements, there is a greater desire for longevity and healthier living. The field of bioengineering advanced accordingly, and there is a heightened awareness of functional health foods.
Since the early 2000s, cultural trends such as well-being or LOHAS prompted more functional health foods to use glucosamine, herbs, calcium, and vitamins as the sole or additive ingredients. Nowadays, this has developed into more individualized health functional foods tailored to one’s health conditions.